Menstrual phase

Menstrual phase the menstrual cycle is unique to each woman. Every month, some women receive their period at the same time. Others are more out of the ordinary. Some women bleed more profusely or for longer periods of time than others.

During specific stages of your life, your menstrual cycle may alter. As you approach menopause, for example, it may become more irregular.

Tracking your periods is one approach to see whether you’re having any problems with your menstrual cycle. Make a note of when they begin and end. Keep track of any variations in the quantity of blood you bleed or the number of days you hemorrhage, as well as any spotting between periods. Menstrual Tips

Menstrual cycle

The menstrual cycle is a sequence of natural changes in hormone production and the architecture of the female reproductive system’s uterus and ovaries that allow for pregnancy. 

The ovarian cycle regulates egg production and release, as well as estrogen and progesterone release. The ovarian cycle regulates egg production and release, as well as estrogen and progesterone release. The uterine cycle prepares and maintains the uterine lining (womb) to accept a fertilized egg. These cycles are parallel and synchronized, and in adult women, they usually range between 21 and 35 days, with a median of 28 days, and they endure for roughly 30–45 years. Menstrual phase

We can understand The whole process of mensuration into three-phase 

Menstrual phase

Mensuration is when blood, tissue, fluid, mucous and epithelial cells secrete at regular intervals. This recurring discharge is 25 -65 m daily in women.  This process happens every day for about 4-5 days. In the past, preparing the uterus level was under the influence of hormones. Till now For the same process, the uterus was getting regular amounts of estrogen and progesterone, due to the sudden decrease in the above hormones, The stratum functionalis, prepared for the egg, has been destroyed. Therefore, the fragmented cells of the epithelium of this level, the secretion of glands, part of the tissue fluid blood cells, comes out from the cervix through the vagina, from the body through the genitals exit.

Some people notice changes in their hair, skin, poop, chronic disease symptoms, mental health, migraine headaches, or the way they experience sex at different points in the menstrual cycle. It’s also the body’s way of preparing for pregnancy over and over again, so people having penis-in-vagina sex (the kind of sex you can become pregnant from) may want to pay attention to the menstrual cycle. Hormonal methods of birth control prevent some or all of the steps in the process, which keeps pregnancy from occurring. Menstrual phase

The Follicular phase

The follicular phase begins on the first day of menstruation and concludes when the egg is released. First, the pituitary gland produces follicle-stimulating hormones in response to a signal from the brain (FSH). Next, the ovary is ready to develop five to twenty follicles (tiny nodules or cysts) that bead on the surface.

An immature egg stimulates each follicle. Only one follicle will typically grow into an egg, while the rest will perish. Around day 10 of a 28-day cycle, this might happen. Follicles expansions stimulate the uterine lining thickening in preparation for a future pregnancy.

The process of developing primary follicles in the ovary begins during this period of the ovarian cycle. In a healthy female, there are around 2 lakhs of these follicles. Then, 15-20 primary follicles begin to develop and transform into secondary follicles. Multiple layers make the secondary follicles of cells. These cells are cuboidal at first but subsequently become columnar. Granule cells get their name from the fact that their cytoplasm is granular. Thus, a translucent layer termed the transparent ovule forms between the secondary egg cell and the granule layer (zona ellucida). Menstrual phase

Follicular fluid removes the secondary egg cell from the center and settles towards the periphery. The cavity in which the follicular fluid fills is called the antrum or follicular cavity. The above activities of growth of follicles are under the control of the pituitary gland’s secreted FSH hormone, which is high during this phase. The secretion of FSH is controlled by the FSH-RH releasing factor secreted by the hypothalamus. The vesicles also secrete the hormone estrogen, which affects the lining of the uterus and the mammary glands. As a result, the end layer of the uterus becomes progressively thicker, glandular, vascular, and sensitive to receive the fertilized egg and prepares for the implantation of the egg.

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